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Safe Paths for All

Team members

Muhammad Syafiq Bin Norkhalim (ASD), Elizabeth Lum Ly-Ern (ASD), Koh Yan Hao (EPD), Aashay Chouhan (ESD), Lan Shenke (ESD), Wang Jiayang (ESD)


Wang Xingyin, Chong Keng Hua, Joel Yang

Writing Instructors:

Nurul Wahidah Binte Mohd Tambee

Teaching Assistant:

Kanchana Devi Sokkalingam

Project Description

A simple, intuitive and incremental redesign of current shared path features to guide path users towards safer co-use practices; creating a more harmonious path sharing environment for all, and especially in light of growing Active Mobility use and networks.

What do Shared Paths look like?

Project Background

The Land Transport Authority (LTA) is ramping up the building of our cycling network over the next 10 years under the Islandwide Cycling Network (ICN) Programme. This will enhance connectivity for those who use active mobility devices such as bicycles and Personal Mobility Devices (e.g. e-scooters, unicycles, hoverboards) to get from one place to another, and bring about greater convenience to all path users. LTA will also continue to facilitate improvements to enhance safety on footpaths for all path users, including the widening of footpaths.  

In the meanwhile, as active mobility modes become increasingly popular in land-scarce Singapore, all path users – active mobility device users and pedestrians – need to be considerate, be more aware of their surroundings and to always give way to one another.

Shared Path Typologies

photo 2021 08 10 19 17 00
path type 2


What is the Main Problem for Shared Path with Lanes?

In order to address accidents on shared paths in recent years, we dived into existing literature, surveys, site studies and interviews that sought to collect statistics regarding past accidents on paths. Based on the different causes of path conflicts, such as users not keeping to designated lanes, distracted path use, not alerting other users, speeding and device users not dimounting, we decided to design a scalable and cost effective solution that serves to nudge path users onto their dedicated paths.


For Shared Path with Lanes: Redesigned Icons

Increased frequency of path icons to serve as a constant reminder of segregated lanes is proposed due to its proved efficacy from our experiment results. Icons that depict life cycle are more representative and invoke empathy, subtly nudging users to stay within lanes in consideration for others.

There will be 5 specific “stages” that will be represented in the icons, with each icon placed about 20-25m meters apart. The different stages are; Infant, Child, Youth, Adult holding phone and Senior, in that corresponding order

life cycle plan 01


What is the Main Problem for Shared Path with Lanes?

By observation, the three main limitations in current practices on shared unified path have been analysed to be: (1) no convention as to which side to move to when avoiding AMDs, (2) no explicit rule to ring bells, and that (3) bell ringing is stigmatised.

Hence, based on existing conventions and gaps, recommended good practices for path sharing are proposed:

1) Ring your bell politely, especially when encountering clusters of pedestrians.

2) If in clusters, give way by moving into single file towards the left when other users are approaching either from in front or behind


For Shared Unified Path: Lenticular Signboard

Changing of iconography on lenticular signboards can better capture viewer attention and the dynamic nature of path interactions, serving as a ‘live’ visual example for path users to refer to. Yellow and black was the most popular colour combination for the signboard based the survey responses.

As it would be prescriptive to assign specific use cases to be displayed at certain stretches of the path, the generalized case exemplifying the rules depicts two distinct groups of path users, namely the pedestrians and cyclists, who are approaching each other from opposite directions and how they navigate their interaction.



How to interpret the sign:

Keep left

  1. Ring the bell

  2. Walk in a line/ single file

  3. Give way

For Shared Unified Path: Social Media Outreach

1) E-brochure complements generalized case depicted in signboard to inform and reinforce proposed path sharing rules in five other typical instances. The e-brochure can be promulgated online to the general public and be adapted to various social media platforms.

2) To expand the reach of LTA beyond pre-existing followers on their social media platforms, a meme challenge is proposed. The memes that are created would be related to the suggested brochure content, and focuses on typical use cases. Participants are then invited to repost the memes on their individual Instagram/ Facebook stories before creating their own, which are not necessarily related to path-sharing, and then tagging LTA. This is to capture networks of followers and engage them in perusing LTA’s social media posts which consist of the brochure content.

rules e brochure page 1 rules e brochure page 2


Future Expansions

These include accordion-like lenticular boards depicting a main character who journeys in tandem with path users, with illustrations which show how he interacts with other path users in the five typical use cases. As usual travel along the path, the installation serves as an analog form of a loopable animation informing and reminding of appropriate path behaviour.

lenticular future frames final



Each panel measures 1m x 2.5m, and is tilted at 45 degrees, an angle that reduces the total length of path required for installation, without requiring too much clearance width wise on the sides of the foot path. This angle has also been tested to ensure visibility of frame transition even on the extreme periphery of the path. 



lenticular future axo


In partnership with:



student Muhammad Syafiq Bin Norkhalim Architecture and Sustainable Design
student Elizabeth Lum Ly-Ern Architecture and Sustainable Design
student Koh Yan Hao Engineering Product Development
student Aashay Chouhan Engineering Systems and Design
student Lan Shenke Engineering Systems and Design
student Wang Jiayang Engineering Systems and Design
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